Introduction: Sleep plays an essential role in health and wellbeing. One of every three Saudis has short sleep duration per night. Saudi medical students had a high prevalence of sleep disorder, 36.6% of them were have abnormal sleep habits. So, this the study aimed to assess then improve the sleep quality and overall health status among healthcare providers (HCPs), by online surveying HCPs in the capital city of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Riyadh from Jan to Feb 2019 ,through the following objectives; To assess sleep quality among HCPs, to measure the prevalence of sleep disturbance, and to study the factors and determinants that may affect sleep quality.
Methodology: An analytical cross-sectional study targeting 518 of randomly selected HCPs in Riyadh after a written informed consent. Using online, self-administrated, pretested; an Arabic questionnaire composed of 33 questions divided into three main parts ;( addresses the sociodemographic and work characteristics, to assess sleep habits and quality using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the third part to study factors and determinants that affects the sleep quality. The suitable tests were used to analyze the coded collected data using SPSS.
Results: the majority of the HCPs were 49.7% aged less than 30 y old, 65.9% females, 53.2% married, 91.7% Saudi, 23.3% health educator specialists, 93.6% working in governmental hospitals, and median of 5 years of experience. A high prevalence of poor sleep quality 85.9% as median the sleep quality score was 10, range (3-21), its significantly affected by all the studied variables (age, specialty, sex, job position, and the health status). The main causes of sleep disturbances were work stressors ( 41.3%), social stressors 33.8%, cell phone use(31.6%), and the health status 12.7% in descending orders.44.4% of HCPS reported a diagnosed sleep disorder mainly altered sleeping times.
Conclusions: poor sleep quality is highly prevalent among HCPs in Riyadh city. the sleep efficacy, sleep medication and sleep disturbance were the most affected components.