Comparison of the functional food knowledge-awareness levels and consumption frequencies of university students
Hülya Demir, Başak Karakaya
Aim: The increase in the level of education brings with it many behavioral changes such as healthy nutrition in food purchasing behavior, flexibility against new products. The aim of this study is to create a perspective on whether nutrition and dietetics students' knowledge and awareness levels and functional frequencies are changed with theoretical knowledge.
Material and Method: The study consists of 1st and 4th year students in Nutrition and Dietetics Department studying in Private University. The number of students willing to participate voluntarily is 99. 55 (55.6%) of the students were in the 1st grade and 44 (44.4%) were in the 4th grade. The questionnaire used in the study was composed of parts such as demographic characteristics of the students and questions about functional food, functional food sections and the section on measuring the consumption frequency, judgments about functional foods, opinions about whether to prefer functional foods.
Results: When the study is examined according to educational level, 16,4% of 1st year students and 77.3% of 4th grade students have previously heard and are familiar with the term functional food. In this case, the rate of hearing the term functional food of 4th grade students was found to be statistically significantly higher than the first year students who have not yet received sufficient academic education. When the percentages of the 1st grade students were not aware of the functional foods and they did not know enough about the function of the product, the rate of not choosing was significantly higher than the 4th grade students.
Associations between Prognostic Factors Determining the Survival of Thyroid Papillary Carcinoma Patients
Several systems enabling the evaluation of prognosis for patients with differentiated thyroid cancers include, together with some other clinical variables, such ones as patient’s tumor size and age. Associations between these prognostic factors are not yet completely understood; that is why the aim of this investigation was to study the frequency of thyroid papillary carcinoma spreading with different tumor aggressive characteristics depending on patient sex and age as well as on primary neoplasm size. All these three factors are significant for the disease prognosis, their impact being, however, not the same. The results suggest the tumor size as well as patient age and sex to be also essential and to impact on the spreading of tumor characters determining their aggressiveness. The effect of the tumor size differs in patients of different sex and age.
Stem cells are undifferentiated cell type characterized by colonogenic ability, self-renewal and multi-lineage differentiation. They are classified into the following categories: embryonic stem cells [ESC], somatic stem cells [or adult stem cells] and induced pluripotent stem cells [iPSC]. Stem cells represent area of interest for wide range of scientists, as they are promising tool for regenerative therapy. Their differentiation ability is significantly affected by various factors of the local environment. Additional research will provide more information about the optimal cell culture conditions when stem cells are cultivated for clinical purpose, to avoid side effects like uncontrolled cell proliferation and premature differentiation.
Dr. Anuya Chauhan mam, Dr.Gargi Pathak mam, Dr.Devhuti Godhani
A Study of Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients of Epilepsy on Anti-Epileptic Drug
Dr. Anuya Chauhan mam, Dr.Gargi Pathak mam, Dr.Devhuti Godhani
Medical literature has recently focused attention on the impact of vitamin D on various aspects of health. Besides its pivotal role in calcium homeostasis and bone mineral metabolism, it is now recognized to serve a wide range of fundamental biological functions. The association between vitamin D, antiepileptic drugs , and bone health in individuals with epilepsy has been recognized for more than 30 years . Seizures themselves pose a risk for injury, including fractures; and the added co-morbidity of poor bone health increase this risk, especially in children with who suffer from seizures with motor manifestations, as well as those with impaired motor function and coordination. Many AEDs are inducers of hepatic cytochrome P450 metabolism. It has been postulated that these AEDs result in increased hepatic metabolism of vitamin D, leading to low vitamin D levels. However, non-enzyme inducing AEDs have also been associated with low vitamin D levels and in turn with poor bone health. Therefore, although the newer AEDs are less-potent enzyme inducers than older AED, they are not necessarily inert in bone metabolism. Studies have reported variable changes in vitamin D levels in children taking AEDs. We aimed to describe the prevalence of and risk factors for vitamin D deficiency among children with epilepsy on antiepileptic drugs.
Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection represents the most common cause of acquired immune deficiency leading to AIDS. CD4 is found on immune cells like T cells, macrophages and monocyte. HIV infects CD4 cells and in the absence of suitable therapy leads to CD4 cell lymphopenia. The progressive decline in CD4 cells eventually leads to the development of haematological abnormalities, opportunistic infections, wasting, cancer and death.
Aim: The study compared the haematological profiles to the CD4 count among HIV patients attending ART at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital and Obuasi Government Hospital.
Materials and Method: a cross sectional analytical study involving 385 selected patients with HIV in Ashanti Region was done. CD4 count and Full blood count were performed to determine the immune status of the patients and haematological parameters.
Results: Out of 385 HIV patients enrolled in the study, the mean age, weight, and duration of therapy was 40.62 years old, 58.33 kg, and 6.17 years respectively. A higher proportion of the study participants were females (73.7%), married (42.7%), had HIV-1 (97.7%) and informal education (83.0%). CD4 count was directly associated with haemoglobin levels (r=0.32), WBC count (r= 0.23) especially with neutrophils. However, CD4 count was negatively associated with lymphocyte count (r= -0.14).
Conclusion: This study revealed that there is a strong association between CD4 counts and the severity of anemia and neutropenia in HIV/AIDS patients. Anemia and neutropenia in HIV patients can be considered as good clinical indicators to predict and access the underlying immune status.