Title: Assessment of Cognitive Performance in Prehypertensives and Normotensives in the age group 15-30 years
Author(s): Stephy Jose1, SK Diwan2, Sourya Acharya3
Affiliation: 1Medical Intern, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
2Professor- Dept of Medicine, Mahaveer Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
3Professor – Dept. of Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
Aims and Objectives: To assess the cognitive function of pre-hypertensives as compared to normotensive individuals in the same age group (15 – 30 years).
Materials and Methods: This is a cross sectional study conducted on a sample size of 100 individuals belonging to the age group of 15 -30 years. Their blood pressure was recorded and the study participants were divided into pre-hypertensives and normotensives. Cognitive performance of both the groups was tested with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment test and compared.
Results: The study results showed a statistically significant difference between the cognitive function of pre-hypertensive and normotensive males but no such difference in females.
Conclusion: The study suggests that there is some cognitive decline with increasing Blood Pressure even in the pre-hypertensive range in males.