Title: Cardiometabolic risk profile in cases of Acute Stroke.
Author(s): Akash Daswaney 1, Sam Benjamin Rodrigues 1, Sourya Acharya 2, Samarth Shukla 3
Affiliation: 1MBBS Student, Primary researchers
2Professor, Dept. of Medicine
3Professor, Dept. of Pathology
J.N. Medical College,DMIMS (DU) Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha,Maharashtra
Address for Correspondence: Dr. Sourya Acharya
Professor, Dept. of Medicine,J.N. Medical College,DMIMS (DU),Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha-442001,Maharashtra
Aim: To study the cardiometabolic risk profile of acute stroke.
Material and Methods: This prospective crossectional study was carried out in Jawarhalal Nehru Medical College AVBR Hospital, which is a 1280 bedded tertiary care hospital situated in Wardha district of Central India. One hundred consecutive cases of acute cerebrovacsular episodes (diagnosed by classical clinical features and confirmed by neuroimaging) who were admitted in the Medicine Ward/ ICU were included in the study. MetS was diagnosed by modified NCEP ATP III criteria. Parameters of cardiometabolic risk factors were compared between stroke patients with metabolic syndrome and without metabolic syndrome.
Results: In this study, recurrent stroke occurred significantly in metabolic syndrome group (p<0.05). Individually all metabolic syndrome parameters were associated significantly in acute stroke patients irrespective of the nature of the stroke (ischaemic vs haemorrhagic). When ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke were separately compared we found no statistically significant correlation between the cardiometabolic risk parameters, suggesting that all the risk factors are distributed equally in both forms of stroke.
Conclusion: As the frequency of metabolic syndrome in stroke patients is high. It is important to change the lifestyle in order to prevent cardiovascular diseases and stroke.