Title: Causes of Ocular Trauma in Patients Presenting at a Tertiary Care Center of  Rajasthan

Author(s): Dr Avisha Mathur1, Dr Arvind Chauhan2

 DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.18535/ijmsci/v4i6.06


1 Dr Avisha Mathur: Resident, Department of Ophthalmology, MDM hospital, Dr. S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur

2 Dr Arvind Chauhan: Professor & head, Department of Ophthalmology, MDM hospital, Dr. S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur

Corresponding author: Dr Avisha Mathur

Resident, Department of Ophthalmology, MDM Hospital, Dr. S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur 342003

Address: A-79, Shastrinagar, Jodhpur-342003


 

Abstract

Introduction: Traumatic eye injuries are common and may occur as isolated injuries or as part of more extensive maxillofacial trauma and may range from the minor to the sight-threatening. Trauma is the second leading cause of monocular blindness after cataracts. Ocular trauma is one of the leading causes of preventable blindness in world today.

Material and methods: This study was conducted from Sep 2014 to Aug 2015 and total 81 patients were enrolled. It is non randomized observational study in which all patients attending outdoor and emergency of department of Ophthalmology at MDM Hospital, Jodhpur with history of ocular trauma were enrolled after receiving informed written consent.

Results: In our study we found that out of total ocular trauma patients 81.48% patients were males and rest 18.51% patients were females. 90.12% patients were less than 30 years of age group. In 49.38% of patients ocular trauma was due to road traffic accidents. In 32.10% of patients ocular trauma was during sports and in 9.88% of patients ocular trauma was related to occupational hazards. 82.72% of patients presented to hospital with 24 hours of the ocular trauma. Around 11.11% of patients presented within 24-48 hours of trauma. Most common type of ocular injury was penetrating globe injury in 44.44% of patients followed by adnexal injuries in 34.57% of patients. In 48.15% of patients ocular trauma caused severe visual impairment or blindness (vision 3/60 to PL).   

Conclusions: Ocular trauma cases were commoner in males (81.48%) than females (18.51%).  90.12% patients of ocular trauma were less than 30 years of age. Road traffic accidents (49.38%) were the most common cause of ocular trauma followed by sports injuries (32.10%) and occupational hazards (9.88%). Most common type of ocular injury was penetrating globe injury in 44.44% of patients followed by adnexal injuries in 34.57% of patients. In 48.15% of patients ocular trauma caused severe visual impairment or blindness (vision 3/60 to PL).   

 

                               

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