The Impact Of Effective Communication On Organizational Performance.
The main objective of this paper was to look at the impact of Effective Communication on Organizational Performance. The discussion was based on series of empirical studies of communication and organizational performance. The research findings no doubt have validated the synerginous relationship between communication approach and efficient organizational performance. They also recommended that there can still be more room for improvement and consequently better performance if management embraces the following recommendations: More clarity of ideas before attempting to communicate; Better understanding of the physical and human environment when communicating; A thorough analysis of the purpose of communication; In planning communication, consultation should both be top down and bottom up, while all facts are rendered implicit and explicit; Consideration should be given to the content and tone of the messages; Whenever possible, the language or tone should not be only be edifying and elegant, but must be messages the receiver would find valuable; Communication messages that are precise and are of short run often possess long run importance; All stakeholders should be encouraged to be good listeners; Immediate actions must be accompanied and accomplished with communication; and Communication that would be effective require a follow up and effective feedback mechanism process.
Influence Of Physical Work Environment On Employee Propensity To Postponed Retirement: Evidence From Retired Civil Servant In Kenya
Joseph Kiprono Kirui
All employees are expected to exit employment relationship upon attaining mandatory retirement age, however some employees opt to exit employment relationship earlier while others leave employment relationship long after retirement age, a scenario attributed to work factors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of job characteristics on retirement intentions outcome among retired civil servants in Kenya. The study was grounded on continuity theory of retirement. It targeted 6447 retired civil servants drown from five counties in Kenya. A sample size of 397 computed using a scientific formula and drawn proportionately in relation to population in each of the five counties was used in the study. Self-constructed interview schedule and questionnaire were used to gather data after its reliability was established through test-retest method. The study covered the period January 2009 and December 2013. Logistic regression was used to test the hypothesis of the study. The findings revealed that job characteristics significantly influenced retirement intentions outcome. The study recommends that further study be done to include other work factors such as physical work environment, organizational justice e.t.c.
Augustine Adu Frimpong Isaac Owusu-Darko Esther Abandoh-Sam
An Explanatory Study On The Effect Of Education On The Demand For Preventive Healthcare Among Malaria Patients: A Case Study Of Asonomaso Hospital
Augustine Adu Frimpong Isaac Owusu-Darko Esther Abandoh-Sam
Malaria accounts for about 90% of the global clinical cases each year. It is estimated that about 9% of overall mortality in Ghana is caused by malaria infections. Among the malaria deaths, 40% occurred among infants and children under the age of five. Due to the colossal unenthusiastic impact malaria is posturing to the socio-economic lives of the inhabitants of subSaharan Africa. Stakeholders have launched special public health programmes to help salvage the situation. In view of that the study sought to find out the effect of education on demand for preventive healthcare good against malaria infection. The study used a sample size of 800 respondents across the inhabitants of Kwabre East District in Ashanti Region. The study sampled healthcare facility users of Asonomaso Government Hospital (i.e. patients from Kasaam, Ntonso, Bonwire e.t.c.). The study adopted a recursive analysis since both descriptive and quantitative methods were used for the data analysis. A random sampling method was used to solicit for malaria outpatients respondents in the study area. The study find out that education level has a positive effect on the demand for preventive healthcare good. The further find out that the social media such as radio and television stations are the main source of information. The recommended that The various stakeholders should intensify the media advert on the use of the preventive care and the need to use such care. The education curriculum should be structured in such a way that part of the physical education syllabus should give a basic knowledge on the use of preventive care in order to fight causes of disease rather fighting symptoms in Africa.
The Effort Of Social Workers To Nurture Verbal And Non-Verbal Communication On Client Participation Level
Dr. Sakroni,S.ST., M.Pd
The main problem in the interaction of social worker and their clients is about communication. To make thediagnosis of client wellness, social workers face a challenge to communicate professionally with their clientsboth verbally and nonverbally. This study tested the variables which impact the client participation level onthe interaction and intervention. In this, researchers used qualitative paradigm with explanatory approach. Ittested verbal and non-verbal communication on client participation level. The analysis result showed thatverbal and nonverbal communication simultaneously improved the client participation level. It is suggestedthat social worker improved their competences both verbal and nonverbal communication through suitabletraining.
Effect Of Increased Student Enrolment On Teaching And Learning Resources In Maseno University, Kenya
Josephat M. Mukhanji Judah M. Ndiku Samuel Obaki
Higher education in Kenya has experienced tremendous growth since independence. With only one public university with an enrolment of less than 1000, the number stands at twenty two public universities with student population of over 150,000. This growth has been attributed to the introduction of module II programs and increased private and public funding for university education. However, despite the increase in enrolments, there has been no commensurate development and/or improvement of the requisite teaching staff and other teaching and learning resources. Consequently, concerns have been raised on the instructional effectiveness and the quality of education provided in public universities in Kenya. This study was conceived to establish the effect of the rapid expansion of university instructional effectiveness in Maseno University. The study was anchored on the education production function theory and adopted a descriptive survey design. The study was carried out in Maseno University. The target population was 7,175 comprising of 7,000 undergraduate students and 175 lecturers of Maseno University in the 2011/12 academic year. Simple random sampling was used to select 210 students and 96 lecturers making a sample of 306. Data were collected using a questionnaire for students and lecturers. Research instruments were validated using face and content validity while reliability was determined using test-retest technique at r= 0.7. A pilot study was conducted in one public university and the data was used to determine the reliability of research instruments. Data was analyzed descriptively using frequencies and percentages by aid of SPSS version 17 and presented in tables and graphs. The findings of the study showed that enrolments, especially under Module II, are on a steady rise. However, the study revealed that there was no commensurate development and improvement of teaching facilities to match the increased enrolment, which has compromised instructional effectiveness and quality of education provided in Maseno University.
The last years of the European integration can be labelled as the years of identity crisis of the European Union itself. Therefore, it seems that the vision of a common created Union is unpredictable environment which has serious challenges as new fragmentation lines are appearing in the integration process. This article aims to present the infrastructure of the integration process and the future perspectives and challenges that the European Union is facing with. The EU is unique partnership in which Member states have pooled sovereignty in certain policy areas and harmonized laws on a wide range of economic, social, and political issues, there is a list of unsolved issues which have to be taken into serious consideration from Member states as well as from the whole Union. Tensions have always existed within the EU legal and institutional framework. This article is trying to elaborate and to emphasize the importance of some specifics related to the political and economic areas. The essential elements of Anti-EU or “Eurosceptic” Political Parties are subject of deeper research in order to present the importance of the influence of different opinions and functionality. The modern future European Union Strategy is facing challenges to use unique levers in order to promote integration. The conceptual meaning of integration is connected with migration as ongoing process which is promoting within the EU boarders. The migration is a growing and become a permanent part of Europe's future. The Union is trying to be a decent place for living as a highly desired final destination.