The International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Invention <p><strong>The International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Invention </strong></p> <p>(The IJSSHI).<strong>&nbsp;</strong>It is an international refereed &nbsp;journal in English published Monthly. The IJSSHI is an international peer-reviewed, electronic, online journal in English that provides rapid publication of articles in all areas of the social science, humanity and linguistics. The IJSSHI will cater to needs of all those researchers and academicians looking forward to contribute through their knowledge, skills and abilities in the field of social science &amp; humanity. The IJSSHI is a publication model that enables the wide dissemination of research articles to the global community without restriction. Thus, all articles published under open access can be accessed by anyone with internet connection.</p> Valley International Journals en-US The International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Invention 2349-2031 Local Tourists Characteristics in Lampung Indonesia <p>Local tourists are always the booster of the number of tourist visits at each tourist destination.&nbsp;The results of the BPS survey also suggest that local tourist contributions are greater than foreign tourists.&nbsp;This is important to be the concern of tourist managers.&nbsp;If the tour manager can find out the characteristics of local tourists, then it is easier to predict demand from tourists.&nbsp;Because the characteristics of tourists become one of the decisive factors in the decision to choose a tourist destination.&nbsp;This study attempts to describe the characteristics of local Lampung tourists.</p> Achyani Subandi Rasuane Noor Sumiyatun . Fenny Thresia Satrio Budi Wibowo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-01 2019-02-01 6 2 5261 5264 10.18535/ijsshi/v6i2.01 The Humanities and Africa’s Development <p>African governments have made individual and collective efforts to promote development programmes/projects on the continent since independence was achieved in most of the countries in the 1960s. These efforts have resulted in marginal success and in some cases the aspirations have stagnated. The reality of the situation is that the majority of the countries are poor with weak socio-political institutions. The situation is complicated by the obvious fact that Africa is yet to make a significant breakthrough in the area of science and technology which could aid development as is currently obtainable in other continents of the world. Even with this gap, development planners in the continent have not paid significant attention to the humanities. This paper posits that the humanities are not only essential for the development of the African continent; but it is the superstructure upon which the continent’s development efforts need to be based. It further demonstrates that no meaningful development can take place in the continent without an in-depth knowledge of the history, and culture like languages, religion and the traditional knowledge pool of the African people and same being used as a basis for planning and development.</p> Ekaette Umanah Ekong, PhD Uwem Jonah Akpan, PhD ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-05 2019-02-05 6 2 5265 5272 10.18535/ijsshi/v6i2.02 Hidden Moral Messages in Indonesian Horror Film (Analysis of Palasik Film) <p>This article discusses implicit moral messages in the Palasik film. This film is based on a myth from West Sumatra society as a creature invented by someone who is a Black magician looking to live long in the world. At night, while looking for food, Palasik let’s go of his head and floated in the air. Palasik food is a fetus that is in the womb of his mother. Stories like this make film creators unable to avoid the element of violence in visualization. As a result, many criticisms of this film consider it to be extreme, especially at the moment when Palasik is preying on a fetus in the womb and blood is splattered everywhere. Also, the visualization of explosions for women who have just given birth by first pouring gasoline on them is considered excessive. In general, horror films get criticized because of the content of pornography and violence in them. The crucial question is whether or not the Palasik film does not contain a moral message? This study uses a narrative analysis approach. Data was obtained through in-depth observations of the story of the film arranged from scene to scene. The author interprets the film scene after scene and concludes the moral message hidden in the story. The results showed that the Palasik film conveyed many moral messages, although not explicit. For example, it conveys that collective unity can defeat evil, excessive love can make a person less alert to something bad around them, aggressiveness is formed based on habits step by step, revenge has made humans lose their humanity (especially for invented creatures like Palasik which are certainly more destructive), and power-hungry humans are willing to serve Satan in order to achieve that power.</p> Redi Panuju ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-05 2019-02-05 6 2 5273 5281 10.18535/ijsshi/v6i2.03 A Comparative Analysis on the Parliament’s Role in the Appointment of Justices to the Supreme Court in the USA and the Maldives <p>The politics involved in the appointment of Judges to the Supreme Court impacts everyone; the policy making Executive, the lawmaking Legislature and the people who elected the aforementioned two branches of Government. In Maldives, the parliament plays a huge role in the appointment of Justices to the Supreme Court of Maldives. However, the parliamentary procedure in place regarding providing approval to selected candidates to the highest authority in the judiciary of Maldives seems to lack a vital part of any job interview; the assessing of the candidate’s eligibility to take on the responsibilities of the office. Whereas in the United States of America, confirmation hearings are held to not only assess the candidate’s eligibility but also to determine the character of the candidate. The main purpose of this article is to entail the role of the parliament in both jurisdictions in the appointment of Justices to the Supreme Court Therefore, taking a doctrinal approach, this article analyses the constitutional and parliamentary procedures of the United States of America and Maldives regarding the appointment of Justices to the Supreme Court. This article reveals the imperative necessity to reform the constitutional and parliamentary procedures of appointing Justices, to ensure an independent, impartial and effective judiciary in the Maldives.</p> Aminath Asfa Shafie Shamrahayu A. Aziz ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-08 2019-02-08 6 2 5282 5290 10.18535/ijsshi/v6i2.04 Moon Jae In: A Contemporary Strategıc and Vısıonary Leader <p>Leadership, as a social phenomenon, has emerged in any society regardless of geography, culture and nationality. Antique China and Greek philosophers were respected as leaders whose advices were valuable and famous authors like Homer and Machiavelli authenticated leaders’ smart and masterly strategies. As for today’s globalworld, leaders have to display various roles in order to cope with the changing external and internal environments and direct their followers by focusing on general and strategic problems so as to create a vision that will shape the future. Developing strategies and creating a clear vision is not only a need for the organizations, but also a crucial need for the nations to have peaceful and safe ties and connections in terms of international relations. In this sense, the president of South Korea Moon Jae In, seem to displayvisionary and strategic leadership roles, in the context of his being the first South Korean leader that have melted the ice between North Korea since the Korean War. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the leadership traits of Moon Jae In, in the frame of visionary and strategic leadership styles. With this purpose a literature review has been performed in the context of leadership styles, the personal and political lives of Moon Jae In have been researched and the leadership traits of South Korean leader have tried to be examined in order to prove that he carries strategic and visionary leadership traits. According to the evaluations, Moon Jae In carries almost all characteristics of both strategic and visionary leadership styles.</p> Dr. Nilufer Ruzgar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-08 2019-02-08 6 2 5291 5296 10.18535/ijsshi/v6i2.05 Quality of Life and its Relation to Creative Thinking among a Sample of Female Adolescents in Jeddah <p>The study of subjective well-being in adolescence has had recent and dynamic growth, however, there are still few qualitative studies that contribute to getting to know about and discussing the sociocultural diversity of well-being, in particular ones that consider the socioeconomic status of the studied groups.</p> <p>The purpose of this study is to prove that Quality of Life plays a large role in an individual’s Creative Thinking abilities.</p> <p>Two hundred sixty-four female middle-school students (first, second and third grades) in Saudi Arabia, aged 12-15 were chosen randomly for participation in this study. The students were then subjected to Quality of Life Scale (QOL) and The Torrance Tests of Verbal Creative Thinking.</p> <p>The results showed quite a few differences regarding the group’s Quality of Life and Creative Thinking Scores. There was a positive statistically significant correlation of 0.01 between the “family and social life”, “general health”, the total degree of Quality of Life perceived and Creative Thinking. On the other hand, there was no statistically significant correlation between “Time management” and the total and subscales of the Creative Thinking Scale. The results also showed that there is a statistically positive effect at 0.05 level of Quality of Life on Creative Thinking, where the value of the beta coefficient is 0.36 proving that Creative Thinking can be predicted by Quality of Life.</p> <p>The findings suggest that the Quality of Life represented in home and school environments, and health in general does influence creative thinking in adolescents. These points raise important issues in relation to Creative Thinking by implying that fostering creative thinking of adolescents requires a suitable environment.</p> Huda Assem Mohammed Khalifa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-13 2019-02-13 6 2 5297 5311 10.18535/ijsshi/v6i2.06 The Effect of Trait Anxiety on Recognition of Threatening Emotional Facial Expressions: A Study among High School Students. <p>Previous studies indicated that sensitivity to facial expressions of threat is related to anxiety in children, adolescents and adults. A small amount of anxiety often improves students' performance, but a high level of anxiety can interfere the learning process. The feeling of being threatened by particular stimuli would cause them to perceive many daily situations as threatening and this will result in more frequent experiences of fear of what may happen, especially for the high anxiety students. This research will explore the threat perception that the secondary school students might have in relation to negative facial expression and examine the sensitivity towards anger expressions as threatening stimuli. 49 students (25 low anxiety and 24 high anxiety) age between 16 to 18 years old have been recruited to answer a set of anxiety questionnaires and they were also required to identify the facial expression to explore the threat perception by looking at images posing facial expression in 2 and 3 dimensions. These images have been transformed into 5 levels of anger using FaceGen Modeller 3.5. Results demonstrated that the high anxiety students can identify threat stimuli from faces more accurately and faster than the low anxiety students. It is suggested that angry faces may be perceived as particularly threatening amongst students and play a significant role in their emotional well being. It is hoped that this research will increase our understanding of the relationship between anxiety and threat perception and this unique visual stimulus can generate a wealth of other research in Malaysia.</p> Roslinda Mustapha Md. Azman Shahadan Hazalizah Hamzah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-16 2019-02-16 6 2 5312 5318 10.18535/ijsshi/v6i2.07 The Legal Comparison Concerning the Legislation Policy of Criminal Acts Towards Religion and Religious Life in the Books of Indonesian Criminal Law Year 2018 and Wetboek Van Strafrecht Year 2014 <p>This paper aims at comparing legislation regarding criminal acts against religion and religious life as well as religious facilities in the National Criminal Code (RKUHP) drafted in July 2018 with the new Dutch Criminal Law (Wetboek van Strafrecht) in 2014. This research was carried out through normative juridical research methods and legal comparisons. The type of data used in this study is focused on secondary data further divided into primary, secondary and tertiary legal materials. The data collection in this study was conducted with a study of documentation and literature study, while the data analysis method in this study was qualitative and descriptive. The results of the study show that the legislation regarding criminal in fact acts against religion and religious life and religious facilities in the positive law in Indonesia, especially in the draft version of the national Criminal Code (RKUHP) in July 2018, which is a reflection that Indonesia adheres to the concept of the Pancasila law as a religious nation state, where all lives in Indonesia must be based on the trust in the One Godhead. The legislation policy (as the most strategic stage in the prevention of crime by using criminal law facilities) relating to criminal acts against religion and religious life and religious facilities in the July 2018 version of the Criminal Code (RKUHP) is based on the theory of Religionsschutz Theorie, Gefuhlsschutz Theorie and Friedensschutz Theorie. This is conducted solely because religion is a legal interest that must be protected. Insults or other similar things can interfere with religious life and endanger the peace and security of living in a society as well as endangering national unity and security. The results of the study also show that the legislation regarding criminal acts against religion and religious life and religious facilities as stipulated in the draft version of the national Criminal Code (RKUHP) version of July 2018 unlikely refers to the development of legislation regarding "Godslasteringswet" in the Netherlands. It is because the current legislation on "Godslasteringswet" in the Netherlands apparently is not regulating much about criminal acts against religion and religious life and religious facilities (legislation policies in the Netherlands are more inclined to humiliation and discrimination based on religion or at least disruption to activities worship). Thus, it can be stated that the legislation regarding criminal acts against religion and religious life and religious facilities is a typical legislative policy, and thus is in accordance with the needs of the Indonesians as a multi-religion nation</p> Kristian Kristian ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-16 2019-02-16 6 2 5319 5329 10.18535/ijsshi/v6i2.08 The man of Ernest J. Gaines' novelistic universe: between emasculation and self-assertion <p>This paper highlights the different layers of meaning that characterize the notion of manhood in Gaines’ fiction. The quest for manhood represents an imperative for the frustrated men in the framework of the social context wherein they are emasculated. Here, manhood should be grasped through a binary paradigm. On the one hand, the expression of manhood equates with male domination and violence. On the other hand, due to social expectations, manhood refers to the struggle for freedom. It undermines the white racial superiority and it claims blacks’ humanity. Manhood fosters humanistic principles. Thus, it takes on a universal dimension.</p> Touré Bassamanan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-19 2019-02-19 6 2 5330 5335 10.18535/ijsshi/v6i2.09