The International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Invention https://valleyinternational.net/index.php/theijsshi <p style="font-weight: 400; text-align: justify;"><strong>The International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Invention </strong></p> <p style="font-weight: 400; text-align: justify;">(The IJSSHI).<strong>&nbsp;</strong>It is an international refereed &nbsp;journal in English published Monthly. The IJSSHI is an international peer-reviewed, electronic, online journal in English that provides rapid publication of articles in all areas of the social science, humanity and linguistics. The IJSSHI will cater to needs of all those researchers and academicians looking forward to contribute through their knowledge, skills and abilities in the field of social science &amp; humanity. The IJSSHI is a publication model that enables the wide dissemination of research articles to the global community without restriction. Thus, all articles published under open access can be accessed by anyone with internet connection.</p> en-US info@valleyinternational.net (Valley International) info@valleyinternational.net (Mr. Harish Patidar) Wed, 03 Oct 2018 12:29:25 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Future Situation of Northern Nigeria from Poetic Mirror: The Outstanding Prophesiers from Hausa Poets https://valleyinternational.net/index.php/theijsshi/article/view/1535 <p>Abstract: Since the early ages of modern socialization amongst the Hausas, i.e. learning to read and write, poetry had been a good instrument used in educating, enlightening, orienting and passing across important messages among host of related others. Most of the early Hausa poet were knowledgeable, who had sound experience of the national affairs. They were also critical thinkers, so skeptical about the present and zealous of foreshadowing the future. They sometimes warned humanity on the dangers they forecasted, urging peoples to change attitudes for better. Against this background, this paper traces a number prophesies made by some Hausa poets, which have turned realistic. The poet forecasts some disastrous outcomes to loom Northern Nigeria, shall the Northerners dare not to cease certain attitudes and some bad practices. This paper traces the instances of such prophesies made by poets, which are obviously realistic today. The study is limited to three selected poems viz: AJM, TSW and MAHRƘW. However, the study found that, a number of prophesies made by the selected Hausa poets in forms of warning and or alarms have been realized. Finally, the paper tabled some suggestion among which one is, that reading and listening to poems should aimed beyond mere passion of its tranquil nature. There teachings should rather be carefully studies and fittingly utilized.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr. Yahaya Idris, Abu-Ubaida Sani ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://valleyinternational.net/index.php/theijsshi/article/view/1535 Wed, 03 Oct 2018 12:36:55 +0000 The Effect of Corporate Governance Mechanism on Tax Avoidance: Evidence from Manufacturing Industries Listed in the Indonesian Stock Exchange https://valleyinternational.net/index.php/theijsshi/article/view/1539 <p>This study aims to investigate the influence mechanisms of corporate governance on tax avoidance.. The mechanisms of corporate governance measured by the independent commissioners and the institusional ownership. Population in this study are all companies in manufacture companies listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange during the years 2012-2016. The samples comprises 87 companies and 435 object with method of this research are using analysis of causality and smart PLS3 was used for analyzing the data and test the hypotheses. The results showed that the corporate governance mechanism negative significant on tax avoidance; board of commissioners have a positive significant on tax avoidance and institusional ownership have a negative significant on tax avoidance.</p> Dr. Agustina Mappadang SE. MM, BKP, Prof. Dr. Tri Widyastuti, SE.Ak, MM, CA, Agustinus M. Wijaya, SE, SH, MM ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://valleyinternational.net/index.php/theijsshi/article/view/1539 Wed, 03 Oct 2018 12:44:22 +0000 The Factors That Influence the Success of the Accounting Information System Implementation in Privates Universities in Bali https://valleyinternational.net/index.php/theijsshi/article/view/1553 <p>This research has a purpose to examine the factors that influence the success of the accounting information system implementation in private universities (PU) in Bali. This is to measure the extent of success of the accounting software or application in terms of their usage in 8 PU in Bali. The data based on the source is primary data, collected using questionnaires which were directly distributed to the respondents. The sample were selected using the purposive sampling technique. The total research respondents are 55 people. The data analysis technique used is the Partial Least Square (PLS) with the help of the SmarPLS 3.0. program at a 5 percent level of significance. The research results state that system quality, information quality and the importance of the system have an influence on the usage and satisfaction of AIS users. In this research, the empirical evidence attained showed that system usage and system satisfaction have an influence on the net benefit gained by the private universities in Bali.</p> I Dewa A.A Tantri Pramawati, Dodik Ariyanto ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://valleyinternational.net/index.php/theijsshi/article/view/1553 Fri, 12 Oct 2018 08:23:22 +0000 Relationship between Islamism and Al-Shabaab Activities in Garissa County https://valleyinternational.net/index.php/theijsshi/article/view/1558 <p><em>Terrorism has been a major threat to global peace and security in the recent years. The rate at which terror groups keep changing has brought concerns to various security stakeholders and to local communities affected. The Al-shaabab terror network that operates in the horn of African has been a major concern to various neighbours of Somalia with Kenya being the most affected Garissa County. The Al-shaabab activities which have largely been associated with extreme Islamic teachings have been a concern in the county. The study was underpinned by the Rational Choice Theory. The sample size was 384. The study was conducted in Garissa County. The results showed&nbsp; that there was a relationship between Islamism and Al-shaabab activities Garissa County. The Al-Shabaab militia had on many occasions used extreme teaching to justify their terrors attacks in Garissa county in the name of jihad which had caused serious concerns in the area.</em></p> Alinur Hassan Haji, Crispinous Iteyo ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://valleyinternational.net/index.php/theijsshi/article/view/1558 Thu, 18 Oct 2018 01:36:38 +0000 Organizational innovation and its relation with the cooperation in innovation https://valleyinternational.net/index.php/theijsshi/article/view/1406 <p><strong>Purpose</strong> – The paper aims to analyze the influence of cooperation in innovation in the introduction of new organizational methods. As the company shares different kind of knowledge with each partner, this research pretends to get a broader picture of the interaction between its collaboration with distinct partners and the adoption of organizational innovations.</p> <p><strong>Design/methodology/approach</strong> – The paper studies the influence of four different agents: clients, suppliers, competitors and universities, that are going to be analyzed, using a probit regression with data about 9172 companies of the Spanish PITEC (Panel of Technological Innovation), for the year 2013.</p> <p><strong>Findings</strong> – The papers results show that the four types of cooperation have a positive and significant effect in the introduction of organizational innovations. From highest to lowest influence; competitors, clients, suppliers and universities.</p> <p><strong>Research limitations/implication</strong> – The study only uses data from the Spanish business scene, limited by its social and political conditions, so it isn’t possible to generalize the results for the rest of countries. Therefore, future lines of investigation are proposed at the end.</p> <p><strong>Practical implications</strong> – The results show that in order to adopt new organizational methods in the company, managers could collaborate in innovation with the four agents selected, but specially, they should cooperate with competitors and clients.</p> <p><strong>Originality/value</strong> –The paper extends the literature of cooperation in innovation with the organizational innovation, a theme that has been barely taken into account, as researches have been mainly focused on technological innovations, rather than on the non-technological ones.</p> Iosu Litago Mendizabal ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://valleyinternational.net/index.php/theijsshi/article/view/1406 Thu, 18 Oct 2018 01:44:50 +0000