Dermoscopy is a helpful non invasive bedside technique in clinical dermatology practice which allows us to make a quick and accurate diagnosis of many complicated and atypical skin diseases. Hence its acquaintance is imperative for all the dermatologists. The aim of this article is to make the science of dermoscopy lucid and easy. This article is intended to highlight the common signs in dermoscopy which will foster the usage of dermatoscope in regular cutaneous examination. The conditions discussed in this review article are psoriasis vulgaris, lichen planus, lichen planus pigmentosus, vitiligo, pityriasis versicolor, eczema, pityriasis rosea, melasma seborrheic keratosis, discoid lupus erythematosus ,prurigo nodularis, lupus vulgaris, alopecia areata , nevus sebaceous, dermatofibroma, pigmented purpuric dermatosis and cutaneous small vessel vasculitis.