According to the International Labor Organization’s estimates of 2017, 160 million people in the world are suffering
from work-related illnesses, and that 270 million work-related accidents occur every year across the word. Industries in Arab
nations have some room for improvement in the implementation of occupational safety and health measures and inefficiency
related to occupational safety and health. This study focusses on review of the most relevant literature in the application of
occupational safety and health systems in improving employee’s performance. The study recommended several recommendations
that would help in the implementation of occupational safety and health systems and improve the performance of employees in
companies, such as providing of training courses for employees; establishing a specialized department for occupational safety and
health; providing specialized supervisors to follow the occupational safety and health procedures within the company; providing a
safe, stimulating and risk-free work environment; adopting occupational safety and health regulations within international and
local standards.