Living Conditions of Sub-Saharan Immigrants in Belgium: A Socio-Economic Approach of Eating Habits
Dr BALLE Guy-Romaric Ségbé
The objective of this study is to understand the socio-economic relationships in habits among sub-Saharan immigrants in Belgium. The interactions between the new living environment and pre-immigration habits were also a focus of the study. The quantitative survey was carried out in seven Belgian cities on a sample of 180 persons. The qualitative part consisted of interviews with twelve sub-Saharan immigrants. The results showed that the main factors explaining the consumption of African food are: the presence of a spouse in the household, children's interest in African products, household size and the availability (supply) of products from the country of origin. Moreover, it appears that the length of stay on Belgian territory does not significantly affect the consumption of African products. Relationships to African food are variously perceived and expressed by sub-Saharan Africans. Basically, their consumption seems to respond to a need to reinvent the socio-emotional microcosm necessary to preserve sacred links with the land of origin. However, in this new and constraining environment, the economic and financial condition of these immigrants does not represent a major factor in the decision-making process for purchasing exotic products.
Rationality of Information; How Embedded in Classical and Behavioural Theories in Investment Decisions
Literature posits that investors are informed by the capital structure and other classical theories in making their portfolio choices, dependent on available information. The choice should be rational to conform to set models and rules in theories to achieve the best of reward from the investment. The issue of rationality has not been specifically addressed to help the assessment of information and the investment environment for decision making. The study reviews literature on the rationality of information in investment decisions corresponding to traditional and classical financial models. Attention is directed to the fact that investors react differently to available information and how interpreted. The reaction of investors to information being relevant or rational is adjunct to their expectation and self-interest. It is observed that rationality of information and its relevance should be the responsibility of management to ensure rational investment decision. With information asymmetry information is expensive and investors will trade of information for debt capital, which response establishes the capital structure. In emerging and underprivileged economies development of the bond market will help the less endowed to develop entrepreneurial capabilities.
Amir Mohammed Albloly, Dr. Hala Salih Mohammed Nour
The Political Symbolism in George Orwell Writings: With Reference to “Animal Farm” and “Nineteen Eighty Four”
Amir Mohammed Albloly, Dr. Hala Salih Mohammed Nour
This research article aims to mirror the political symbolism and its significance in George Orwell writings with reference to “Animal Farm” and “Nineteen Eighty Four”. It is an attempt to depict the political ideologies of Orwell’s writings in the abovementioned novels, his message and legitimate fears and warning for future generations against the scandals of totalitarianism and finally to uncover the distortion of power when spoiled by ill-mannered politicians as symbolized by room 101 in “1984” and manifested in the seven commandments prescribed by old major and later amended by Napoleon. In their pursuit to achieve the main objectives of this article, the researchers utilized a blend of approaches to find out clear-cut, evident and tangible justifications beyond Orwell’s use of “political symbolism” in both novels. That is, by virtue of adopting the analytical and critical discourse analysis methodologies along with the novels’ books of “Animal Farm” and “Nineteen Ninety Four” as the primary source of data and collected reviews offered by other writers as the secondary source of data; it could be concluded that for Orwell the political symbolism was not only a sword and shield for protection against totalitarian regimes but also was a platform for liberty and freedom of express when democracy is completely absorbed by such dictators and totalitarian governments.
News Coverage Trends of the 2016 Saudi-Irani Crisis in Anglo-American Newspapers: A Case Study of Al-Nimr’s Execution
Dr. Fedaa Mohamed Abdel Aziz
The Foreign newspapers play an important and effective role in shaping the international opinion towards lots of issues and events, especially in the transitional stages and the conflict world zones.
The international arena witnessed lots of controversies about the role of the foreign press in covering crisis events in the Arab World in the wake of the Arab Spring revolutions. These controversies revealed lots of problems facing these newspapers in their way of dealing with the Arab world countries, especially in the light of accusations of using crises and picking selected information that support the pro-states and implement their interests. In this context, the study attempts to find out the extent of bias in Anglo-American newspapers in shaping the press coverage of the crisis that happened between Saudi Arabia and Iran because of the execution of Shiite cleric Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr. Nimr was one of 47 people Saudi Arabia executed for terrorism.
In addition, it tackles the factors affecting the coverage, whether related to editorial policy in the newspaper or agenda interests in international relations and attitudes of state policies towards the events taking place.
This paper depends on two methods: The Survey Method (Content Analysis) and the Comparative method. The paper will use both quantitative and qualitative analyses.
The paper time frame starts at the beginning of the crisis which was at the 2nd of January 2016 and ends by the 31st of January.
The two newspapers that are included in this paper are The New York Times, and The Guardian Weekly.