Objective: This study aims to review the literature on periodontal disease and its clinical and microbiological peculiarities in patients with HIV.


Material and methods: A search was made from 2007 to 2018 of the scientific literature to evaluate the clinical and microbiological aspects of therapy periodontal in HIV patients.


Results: The studies shows periodontal status may predict the progression of HIV to Aids and periodontal treatment may be not complete effective in HIV- associated with oral manifestations. In respect to HIV infection, it is also associated with dysregulation of oral microbiota which may compromise the oral mucosal immunity of HIV-infected.  Thus, the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens contributed to reduce plasma load of the virus and improvement the results of periodontal treatment in patients that has CD4 control.


Conclusion: The studies revealed periodontal status may predict the progression of HIV to Aids and periodontal treatment may be not complete effective in HIV- associated with oral manifestations. Further studies are needed to understand the complete dynamics of microbiomes and to establish new management of periodontal aspects.