Abstract

The purpose of this research is to know the training materials, instructur/educator, facilities and infrastructure, in the implementation of the apprenticeship program of course students and training on the word of work (study implementation of internship program in central java). The methods used in this research is a method of quantitative deskriptif. Design research is depicted in the form of graphs or flow correlation studies. The population in this study are all the employees leaner apprenticeship progrem in 2016 and 2017 in central jawa of 750 people. The sampling technique used is a non probability sampling with a sampling of saturated, so the whole population was made a sample in this study. The method of collection through, the question form, interviews, observations,tests, documentation and so on. This research analyzed quantitatively through multivariate, methods of engineering Structural Equation Models (SEM) use the program smart pls 2. The results showed that the variable training materials positive effect knowledge  and skills of apprentices and the wordl of work Variable characteristics knowledge and skills positive effect skills enhancement. Variable characteristics of training materials no effect to the world of work. Variable instructor/educator has no effect the world and of work but has a positive relationship direction.Variable facilities and infrastructure  positive effect  the internship program

Introduction

Training and internship is a term that has a certain connotation depending on one's experience and background. Definition of training according to Robinson is teaching or giving experience to someone to develop the behavior (knowledge, skills, attitude) in order to achieve something desired. In the dictionary of Education, training is defined as a specific teaching whose purpose has been clearly defined and demonstrable, which requires the participants and an assessment of the improvement of the performance of learners (Marzuki, 2010: 174-175). In Good's opinion, training is also defined as knowledge. This last definition when associated with andragogy, training is generally addressed to adults, is appropriate because andragogy is the art / science of helping others in learning ( Brundage ). This is a broad and flexible concept of training because it involves all kinds of training activities such as coaching, on the job training, internships and job rotation (Marzuki, 2010: 175).

Nawawi ( 1997 ) states that training is essentially a process of providing assistance to prospective workers to master special skills or help to correct their shortcomings in carrying out the work. The focus of its activities is to improve work ability in meeting the needs of today's most effective way of working.

Student apprenticeship courses and training are government programs to improve the competence of citizens through learning by doing in DUDI in

Accordance with competency standards that have been adapted to work needs.

This understanding indicates that to improve the capability of human resources can be realized through training or apprenticeship with quality standard of training materials, structures / educators, facilities and infrastructure are met.

Referring to the background of the problem, the issues raised here are:

  1. Does the training material have a significant positive effect on the students of the internship program, the kind of sewing skills of garment, hotel and office administration in Central Java?1. Does the training material have a significant positive effect on the students of the internship program, the kind of sewing skills of garment, hotel and office administration in Central Java?

  2. Is the instructor / educator having a significant positive effect on the students apprenticeship type of garment sewing skills, hotels, and office administration in Central Java?2. Is the instructor / educator having a significant positive effect on the students apprenticeship type of garment sewing skills, hotels, and office administration in Central Java?

  3. Are the facilities and infrastructure have a significant positive effect on the students of internship program of the kind of sewing garment, hotel and office administration in Central Java?3. Are the facilities and infrastructure have a significant positive effect on the students of internship program of the kind of sewing garment, hotel and office administration in Central Java?

  4. Do graduates of apprenticeship type skills tailoring garment, hotel and office administration can fill vacancies in DUDI especially in Central Java area?4. Do graduates of apprenticeship type skills tailoring garment, hotel and office administration can fill vacancies in DUDI especially in Central Java area?

  5. Whether graduates of apprenticeship type of skill program sewing garment, hotel and office administration in Central Java can work independently5. Whether graduates of apprenticeship type of skill program sewing garment, hotel and office administration in Central Java can work independently

  6. Do graduates of apprenticeship type of sewing garment, hospitality and office administration in Central Java can work as false workers / working partners?6. Do graduates of apprenticeship type of sewing garment, hospitality and office administration in Central Java can work as false workers / working partners?

In line with the formulation of research problems that have been set, the purpose of this study are as follows:

  1. To know the significant positive effect of training materials on students apprenticeship type of sewing garment, hospitality, and office administration in Central Java?1. To know the significant positive effect of training materials on students apprenticeship type of sewing garment, hospitality, and office administration in Central Java?

  2. To find out the positive significant effect of instructor / educator to the students of the internship program, kind of sewing garment, hospitality, and office administration in Central Java?2. To find out the positive significant effect of instructor / educator to the students of the internship program, kind of sewing garment, hospitality, and office administration in Central Java?

  3. To know the significant positive effect of facilities and infrastructure on students apprenticeship type of sewing garment, hospitality, and office administration in Central Java?3. To know the significant positive effect of facilities and infrastructure on students apprenticeship type of sewing garment, hospitality, and office administration in Central Java?

  4. To know the number of graduates of apprenticeship program type of sewing garment, hospitality and office administration that can fill the job vacancy in DUDI especially in Central Java area?4. To know the number of graduates of apprenticeship program type of sewing garment, hospitality and office administration that can fill the job vacancy in DUDI especially in Central Java area?

  5. To know the number of graduates of internship program type of garment sewing skills, hotel5. To know the number of graduates of internship program type of garment sewing skills, hotel

Literature Review

Internship Program

According to Marzuki, 2010: 174-175.Training / apprentice is a term that has a certain connotation depending on one's experience and background. Definition of training according to Robinson is teaching or giving experience to someone to develop the behavior (knowledge, skills, attitude) in order to achieve something desired. In the dictionary of Education, training is defined as a specific teaching whose purpose has been clearly defined and demonstrable, which requires the participant and the assessment of the improvement of the learner's performance.

Training materials

According Widodo and Jasmadi in Lestari, 2013: 1. Training materials are a set of learning tools or tools that contain learning materials, methods, limitations, and how to evaluate systematically and attractively designed in order to achieve the expected goal of achieving competence or subcompetence in all its complexities.

In accordance with the writing of the module issued by the Directorate General of Vocational Directorate General of Primary and Secondary Education of the Ministry of National Education of 2003, teaching materials have several characteristics, namely self instructional, self-contained, stand alone, adaptive and user friendly (Widodo and Jasmadi in Lestari, 2013: 2).

Instructor

Instructor and education personnel Educators and education personnel are two "professions" that are closely related to the world of education, even though the scope of the two is different. This can be seen from the understanding of both listed in Article 1 of Law no. 20 of 2003 on Education System.

The law states that educational personnel are members of society who are devoted and appointed to support the implementation of education. While educators are people who work as teachers, lecturers, counselors, pamong learn, widyaiswara, tutors, instructors, facilitators, and other designations in accordance with the specificity, and participate in conducting education.

Facilities and infrastructure

Educational tools are all tools, materials, and furniture that are directly used in the educational process at the place of learning. Meanwhile, the educational infrastructure is all basic equipments that indirectly support the implementation of the implementation of the educational process at the place of learning (Juknis Internship Program Directorate of Inquisition Courses and Training 2016)

Work

According to a large Indonesian dictionary (2005, p. 554) "work is defined as activities to do something done or done and something done for a living, livelihood". Thayeb Manribu (1998, page 27) "work is defined as a group of activities, duties or obligations that are equal and paid, requiring the same attributes within a particular organization".

According to Dr. Wirawan, MSL, Sp.A ( 2015 ), Employment relationship is a relationship between two or more parties that regulates rights and obligations between employers and workers who work for employers. Employment relationships may occur between two employers and workers but may involve third parties in which the Worker subcontracts what is done to a third party such as outsourcing to a third party or involving the consultant. The working relationship occurs because the written contract of work in the contract or written contract of employment.

Research Methods

Population and Sample

The population in this study are all graduates of students of internship program in the field of Hospitality, Garment Sewing, and Office Administration in 2016 -2017 in Central Java of 350 people. While the sample used is with saturated sampling, so the entire population used as sample in this study. The saturated sampling method was chosen because the number of population in the study area is Central Java with population and sample 350 people, concentrated on the graduates of the 2016 apprenticeship program at 8 LKP in partnership with 9 DUDI in garment, hotel and office administration. So the number of samples in this study as many as 350 respondents.

Method of collecting data

Data collection techniques are the means by which to collect the data shown through their use of questionnaires, interviews, observations, documentation and so on. In this research the data collection technique used is questionnaire, observation and interview, literature study and literature study.

Operational Research Variables

Endogenous variables are work and internship with working symbol, Internship (intensive). While the exogenous varaibel consists of materials (materials), instructors (instructor) and facilities (equipment)

Statistical Method

This research was analyzed quantitatively through multivariate method of Structural Equation Model (SEM) technique using Partial Least Square (PLS) to test the six hypotheses proposed in this research. Each hypothesis will be analyzed using SmartPLS 2.0 software to test the relationship between variables.

Results Discussion Analysis

Hypothesis testing

The significance of estimated parameters provides useful information on the relationship between research variables. The basis used in testing the hypothesis is the value contained in the output of result for inner weight. The table provides estimation output for structural model testing.

 Relationship Between Varibles Original Sample (O) Sample Mean (M) T Statistics (|O/STERR) Interpretation
INSTRUKTUR -> MAGANG -0.667294 -0.219713 0.716075 Not. Sig.
MAGANG -> BEKERJA 0.921124 0.902109 13.394700 Sig.
MATERI -> MAGANG 0.934379 0.672066 2.092487 Sig.
SARANA -> MAGANG 0.557208 0.382214 0.783772 Not. Sig

: Result For Inner Weights

Effect of Instructor (insruktur) on internship(magang)

The instructor has no significant effect on the apprenticeship. The test result on the parameter coefficient between the motivation to the performance shows no positive relationship with the t-statistic value of 0.71605 and significant at α = 0.05. The t-statistic value is above the critical value 1.96. this is because the learned is adult learners, ready to work then in the study everything can be done alone then the guidance of others or so-called educators / trainers only provide direction and little example they already understand does not need continuous mentoring throughout the day then the role of coach / educators are very lightweight this is where the uniqueness of internship programs being pursued already have the basic skills to be learned then by giving explanations and examples little they understand what to do.

Effect Infrastructure Facility to Internships

The Infrastructure have no major effect on the internship. The test result on the parameter coefficient between the means to the apprentice and the t-statistic value of 0.783772 lies in the critical value 1.96. this happens because the apprentices are participants who are productive or working age even they already have basic skills then learn with existing facilities and infrastructure they already know what to do, but it is different with the results of our interviews, there are some who argue that it would be nice if the means of infrastructure in the implementation of apprentices program more complete comfortable and worthy of use or new output so much easier in learning. But there are still many organizers of apprenticeship programs that use the simple infrastructure facilities graduates can work all either work as an employee, independent or working as a plasma, here means that both using the means of complete or simple infrastructure both passion received in the world of work.

The effect of training materials on internship

The Training material has a positive and significant effect on the internship. The test results on the parameter coefficient between the material to the apprentices showed a positive relationship with the value of t-statistics of 2.092487 and significant at α = 0.05. The t-statistic value is above the critical value 1.96. the explanation is that learners of this apprentice program adults, productive age then tend to learn by reading books, learning from online media rather than learning with educators / instructors, because learning in class time is limited, if learning with material can be done anywhere anytime they want to learn then the training materials have a big effect in the internship program to master a certain competency mostly done own study because there is no limitation study time.

The Effect of internship on work

The internship has a positive and significant effect on the work. The test result on the parameter coefficient between apprentice to work showed a positive correlation with t-statistic value of 13.394 and significant at α = 0.05. The t-statistic value is above the critical value 1.96.

Figure 1 Measurement of Path Coefficient

Tabel 2 . Direct Effect between variables

Relation between Variables Direct Effect
Instructor VS Internship -0.6673
Material VS Internship 0.9211
Infrastructure VS Internship 0.5573
Internship VS Work 0.9343

9211 and 09343, while the magnitude of the direct influence of the apprentice variables on the work of 05573

Conclusions and Recommendations

Conclusion

Based on the results of research and discussion, it can be drawn some conclusions as follows:

  1. Training materials have a significant influence on the internship programs in the field of skills, especially Garment, Hospitality, and Office Administration. This is because learners of the apprenticeship program are adults, productive age, so in learning most independently do not need to be guided by the structure / educator continuously by explaining the material and practice once they have been able to learn their own tempo.1. Training materials have a significant influence on the internship programs in the field of skills, especially Garment, Hospitality, and Office Administration. This is because learners of the apprenticeship program are adults, productive age, so in learning most independently do not need to be guided by the structure / educator continuously by explaining the material and practice once they have been able to learn their own tempo.

  2. Instructors / educators have a significant influence on the internship program. This can happen because students of apprenticeship program from the selection process are selected by the applicant candidates who already have basic competency, working age, productive, and have big interest, hence the role of educator / organizer does not continuously accompany tend to mostly self study with other participants .2. Instructors / educators have a significant influence on the internship program. This can happen because students of apprenticeship program from the selection process are selected by the applicant candidates who already have basic competency, working age, productive, and have big interest, hence the role of educator / organizer does not continuously accompany tend to mostly self study with other participants .

  3. Facilities and infrastructure have a significant influence on the internship program. because the implementation of the apprenticeship program is only about three months and the participants are adults and ready to work then the available infrastructure facilities can utilize well. However, from the results of several interviews that it is better if the infrastructure is complete and not outdated.3. Facilities and infrastructure have a significant influence on the internship program. because the implementation of the apprenticeship program is only about three months and the participants are adults and ready to work then the available infrastructure facilities can utilize well. However, from the results of several interviews that it is better if the infrastructure is complete and not outdated.

  4. Internships have significant influence on work. This happens because the learning result of the internship program is very supportive in the work.4. Internships have significant influence on work. This happens because the learning result of the internship program is very supportive in the work.

  5. Evaluation evaluation of the implementation of internship program in 2016 and 2017 all alumni can work all as employees, self-employed or plasma work5. Evaluation evaluation of the implementation of internship program in 2016 and 2017 all alumni can work all as employees, self-employed or plasma work

Recommendation

Based on the results of this study, there are several suggestions for organizing the apprenticeship program of trainees and courses:

2. Choosing competent instructors in their field, diligent, and responsible

3. Improvement of the infrastructure used for apprenticeship program

4. LKP observes alumni of internship graduates for their work

5. As input for the Directorate of Course Development and Training apprenticeship program is still feasible to be continued and developed and the addition of the apprentices quota by considering choosing the kinds of skills that are synchronized with the world of work.